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La Saga De La Sagrada Familia

IN TODAY'S WORLD. The Basilica of the SagradaFamilia arouses the admiration of people from all over the world and express an interest in its design and construction. Gaudí himself said "People will come from all over the world to see it". And this is so for many different reasons: because they want to celebrate their faith, because they wish to perceive the beauty of the Temple's facades, because they are attracted by the quality and singularity of the project - which is currently highly topical - because of its religious content, because of its ability to stir up emotions, because of the interest a building which has been built over such a long time can stimulate, because it is an architectural and constructive challenge, and because it is the masterpiece and legacy of one of the greatest architects in history who was intensely dedicated to it so that its construction would continue after his death.

IN TODAY’S WORLD. The Basilica of the SagradaFamilia arouses the admiration of people from all over the world and express an interest in its design and construction. Gaudí himself said “People will come from all over the world to see it”. And this is so for many different reasons: because they want to celebrate their faith, because they wish to perceive the beauty of the Temple’s facades, because they are attracted by the quality and singularity of the project – which is currently highly topical – because of its religious content, because of its ability to stir up emotions, because of the interest a building which has been built over such a long time can stimulate, because it is an architectural and constructive challenge, and because it is the masterpiece and legacy of one of the greatest architects in history who was intensely dedicated to it so that its construction would continue after his death.

The Basilica of the SagradaFamilia is one of the symbols of Barcelona and one of the famous churches in the world, partly due to its original architecture and partly because its edification reproduced the constructive time span common in the era of the great cathedrals, when raising a large Gothic church required centuries of works. In this case, now well into the 21st century, the SagradaFamilia is still under construction, when the first stone was placed in 1882.

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In 1892 work began on the Nativity Facade. Two years later the neo-Gothic apse was completed in which wheatears of the pinnacles and the gargoyles of amphibians and reptiles underlined the naturalist tendency of the decoration which the Nativity Facade would have. The first bell tower of this facade was completed in 1925. Gaudí expressed his joy on seeing, “how that spear joined heaven with the earth”. The architect could not continue his work since he died the following year. Nevertheless, in 1923, he came up with the definitive solution for the naves and roofing in plaster models at scale 1:10 and 1:25. The models that Gaudí left, partly destroyed during the Civil War, have enabled the works to be continued and can be seen in the SagradaFamilia Museum, and perhaps its works will finish around 2025.

The Basilica is characterized by its eight constructed towers, each of which represents an apostle, crowned with vibrantly-colored ceramic pinnacles. Each one is 100 m tall, but there are still another ten to be built: the four of the other apostles on the main facade, that of Jesus, the most impressive at 170 m and which will be placed over the dome; those which will represent the four evangelists and which will surround that of Jesus, and over the apse, that of Mary.

The Expiatory Temple of the SagradaFamilia, the construction of which continues in line with the spirit of Gaudí, is a church with five naves, with three facades, Nativity, Passion and Glory at the ends of the crossing and foot of the church. It is surrounded by a cloister and will have a large stairway facing the Glory Facade where there will be a cresset and a fountain in front of the baptism and communion chapels. Two large sacristies flank the apse, in the middle of which will figure the chapel of the Assumption. Eighteen towers are built in honor of Jesus Christ, the Virgin, the Apostles and the Evangelists. Gaudí conceived this temple not only as an expression of his naturalist architecture but also as a expression of his naturalist architecture but also as a biblical text in architectural form.

The interior of the SagradaFamilia was officially opened in November 2010 by Pope Bendict XVI, when he constructed the temple as a basilica. To cover this space, capable of housing 14,000 parishioners and a choir of 1,200 singers, Gaudí was once again inspired by nature creating a wood of columns, which, like trees, branch off at a great height to support some curious vaulting in the shape of palm leaves. Alongside the vaulting, the stained-glass windows filter the light just as the Catalan architect desired, simulating the inner illumination that a wood gets through the leaves of its trees.